The Page Object Model (POM) is a design pattern commonly used in test automation to create an object-oriented representation of the pages or components of a web application. The main idea behind the POM is to create a separate class for each page or component of the application, and define all the elements and methods specific to that page/component in the respective class.
Here's an overview of how the POM works:
By using the POM, the test automation code becomes more organized, maintainable, and reusable. If there are any changes in the application, such as the addition or removal of a page/component, only the respective class needs to be updated, making it easier to manage and maintain the test automation code.