Selenium WebDriver a web framework tool that enables you to test various browsers, applications and interfaces. Not only does it allow for automation of web-based application testing, but also the ability to choose a programming language in order to create business specific test scripts.
WebDriver is an open-source browser automation framework that enables you to interact with applications through the use of APIs. It allows you to control your web browser by sending commands and interpreting their responses, allowing for more efficient web navigation.
WebDriver communicates with a JSON-based protocol that enables you to control the browser.
Selenium WebDriver is made up of a client library composed in various languages, the JSON write protocol that interacts between selenium and the browser through http. Every web browser has its own version of WebDriver like ChromeDriver or FireFoxDrive - these drivers are platform-specific such as Windows or Mac OSX.
Selenium offers an extensive library of language bindings for languages such as Ruby, Python, Java and more. Depending on the desired programming language used to drive the browser functionality, you can easily download the compatible binding from Selenium's official website. For example, if you want to access its driver using Python code then simply use their Python Bindings and your project will be ready in no time!
The Automation Framework streamlines the process of creating and executing test cases, merging Appium and Selenium together. This allows you to run your tests on both desktop browsers and mobile devices with just one consolidated script. Now there's no need for cumbersome writing multiple scripts - write once, run anywhere!